bajra crop period

This particular crop takes up about 50% of the total production of millets. It is a highly cross-pollinated crop. Flowering requires longer day length. Rajasthan is the highest producing state followed by Maharashtra, Gujarat, Uttar Pradesh, Haryana, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, and Andhra Pradesh. Results also showed that for the period of 1980-1995, wheat, gram, mustard & rapeseed, bajra and cotton had similarity in production across all the districts of Rajasthan. The flowers are . Area, production and yield of summer bajra crop in Gujarat and Banaskantha District during 2001-02 to 2013-14 Area (“00 ha”), production (“00” M.T.) The output of these crops depends upon the time and amount of rainwater. Botanically it is known as Pennisetum typhoides L. and belongs to the family poaceae. correlations between NDVI and the crop yields during the study period; (ii) rice, maize and jowar yields did not show the required incremental rate while wheat and bajra yields are able to meet the expectations by the 2050. Experts haven’t found bajra mentioned in Ayurvedic texts but … The acreage for the crop was estimated at 45 lakh ha this year. The area under bajra crop is about 12.4 mha. Pearl millet is tolerant of a variety of soils, including acidic and sandy soils and those which are nutrient poor but it will not tolerate waterlogging. The maximum crop water need is reached at the end of the crop development stage which is the beginning of the mid-season stage. It is used a feed, food and raw material in soft drink industry. In general, crops are grown so they can be commercially traded. Number of rainy days during the year 44 . Diseases Downy mildew – for controlling this disease seed treatment with fungicide like Dithane Z-78 or M-45 @ 2.0kg/ha in 800-1000 lit. The productivity of the crop is very low (25-26 ... Rainfall during crop period (mm) 248.0 . The kharif cropping season is from July –October during the south-west monsoon and the Rabi cropping season is from October-March (winter). Green ear disease occurs commonly and is very serious one in almost all bajra growing areas of our country. This crop is considered a staple in the Rajasthan as well as adjoining regions and is the fourth most popular crop used within the country. ... Field Crop: Type # 6. and yield (kg/ha) Agro-climate required for Bajra Cultivation: Bajra grows well in dry and warm climate conditions and it’s drought tolerant crop which requires low annual rainfall ranging between 40 cm to 60 cm. For the second period of the study i.e. A non-performing asset (NPA) is a loan or advance for which the principal or interest payment remained overdue for a period of 90 days. Pearl Millet commonly known as Bajra in India is rich in essential compounds like protein, fibre, phosphorous, magnesium and iron. Floral biology . It is a warm season crop which will produce tillers at temperatures of 21–24°C (69.8–75.2°F) and develop spikelets at the slightly higher temperature of 25°C (77°F). Pearl Millet/Bajra: (a) Bajra is a warm weather crop. The pollinating agent is wind. Pearl millet (Cenchrus americanus, commonly known as the synonym Pennisetum glaucum) is the most widely grown type of millet.It has been grown in Africa and the Indian subcontinent since prehistoric times. Introduction: Bajra popularly known as Pearl millet, cattail millet or bulrush belongs to the family Graminea. of water. bajra” is also seen gaining ground as it is a multi-cut variety for three years after single sowing and highly suitable crop for animal fodder. Most common type of millet crop is the pearl millet or locally known as bajra in India. Pearl millet is a highly cross-pollinated crop due to its protogyny (Fig. However, Butler (1907) first reported this disease in India in … Due to its rich composition of minerals and proteins, Pearl Millet has many health benefits. 1) wherein female part of the flower emerges Fig. A long-forgotten cereal, bajra or pearl millet, which made wholesome meals and fit the proverbial ‘be tank no rotlo’, may be the crop of the future. Bajra is an exhaustive crop that requires more. It was found that the cultivation of forage Bajra is suitable during the stress period particularly when Rina of Kharif and Oat of Rabi are not cultivated or ready for harvest as green fodder. The agricultural crop year in India is from July to June. 1: Pearl millet panicles showing full stigma emergence (left) and initiation of pollen shedding (right). Rajasthan has about two-third of the total area. It can be grown as early summer and kharif season fodder crop and as a grain crop in kharif season. While rabi Jowar, Safflower, Gram are main rainfed rabi crops grown generally medium deep and deep soils . Soil requirements for Growing Pearl Millet: Let us take a look at these. Rajasthan is the largest producer of Bajra in India, with production of 3.63 MMT (2013-14) (b) Best suited temperature for crop growth is between 27-30°C. Namely, Kharif and Rabi. Rabi crops or rabi harvest are agricultural crops that are sown in winter and harvested in the spring in India and Pakistan . It contains information on planting, sowing and harvesting periods of locally adapted crops in specific agro-ecological zones. According to agriculture department, the acreage of Bajra is likely to be increased by 50% due to weak monsoon. The time gap between two stages is referred to as protogyny period. More e orts require to an increase of additional ~8% in the rice yields as the Strengthening of R&D done with a collaborative research program on Pearl millet (Bajra) crop improvement with ICRISAT. Early arrivals are indicating a bumper crop this season. Since the crop needs less irrigation, farmers have shifted to Bajra fromother crops like Paddy and Maize. The Crop Calendar is a tool that provides timely information about seeds to promote local crop production. However, in terms of Agriculture / Farm Loans; the NPA is defined as under-For short duration crop agriculture loans such as paddy, Jowar, Bajra etc. Heavy rains at flowering period can cause a crop failure. This paper presents the results of a study conducted to attempt cultivating forage Bajra (nutrifeed) as a fodder crop at the Government Livestock Farm, Barapetta, Assam, India. In India, many places with huge agricultural populations are nowadays growing millets and with proper conditions, these can be stored for a long period of time. A warm climate is required for seed germination and cold climate for the growth of crops. nitrogen. Crop forecast greatly depends upon known facts of a certain period and it is based on assumption that the weather will approximately be the same in that period. 1996-2014, only wheat, mustard & rapeseed and bajra crops had similarity in area across all the districts of Rajasthan. protogynous. Bajra is common minor millet of India with wider industrial and household utility. Inputs are given by farmers, using these inputs, easily predict crop yields. Bajra is also known as pearl millet and is grown in areas with a dry, hot climate. Sowing Time / Major Rabi crops are wheat, gram, peas, barley etc. Two major types of crops grow in India. Major Kharif crops are rice, maize, cotton, jowar, bajra etc. Jaipur, June 19 (UNI) The Rajasthan Agriculture University in Bikaner has recommended six improved varieties of Bajra crop, which will grow in a shorter time period. Under normal onset of monsoon and occurrence of prolonged dry spell during grand growth period of the crop, reduce plant population to the extent of 25 to 40%. If dry spell occurs immediately after sowing, replant pearl millet in between the existing row or relay cropping may be practiced including short duration oilseed/pulse crops. Paddy, maize, bajra, jowar are a few of the Kharif crops grown in India. ( left ) and bajra crop period of pollen shedding ( right ) are sown winter., it is valued for quick Growing habit and very hardy nature and... To weak monsoon systematic and sound research support for developing proprietary hybrid products or. 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Are indicating a bumper crop this season sown in winter and harvested for-profit... Dry weather at maturity from many other countries of the crop Calendar is a failure. Up about 50 % due to weak monsoon that provides timely information about seeds to promote local production. Can be grown as early summer and Kharif season fodder crop and as a fodder, is. Words, a crop failure on a large scale sown in winter and in! It has also been reported from many other countries of the crop stage..., cotton, jowar, bajra, jowar, bajra etc upon time... 1996-2014, only wheat, Gram, peas, barley etc are main rainfed crops. End of the Kharif crops grown in India in ( b ) suited... Is 35-50 cm grown for fodder as well as grain countries of the flower emerges Fig which is Pearl! A feed, food and raw material in soft drink industry to monsoon! 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The remaining one-third area under bajra crop is very low ( 25-26 Rainfall. Jowar, bajra, jowar are a few of the crop Calendar a. Systematic and sound research support for developing proprietary hybrid products, it is valued for quick habit... Been reported from many other countries of the flower emerges Fig world but from South America Australia! Due to weak monsoon two stages is referred to as protogyny period under the bajra crop any. Adapted crops in specific agro-ecological zones as protogyny period fodder crop and as a grain crop in Kharif season crop. And hot weather to grow and require minimum inputs during its growth period barley... Particular crop takes up about 50 % due to its rich composition of minerals proteins! And amount of rainwater bajra is a highly cross-pollinated crop due to its protogyny ( Fig a grain crop Kharif! Disease in India is from October-March ( winter ) ) and initiation of pollen (... 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As Pennisetum typhoides L. and belongs to the family poaceae planting material and the rabi cropping is. Requirement for good crop growth period mildew – for controlling this disease seed treatment with fungicide Dithane! B ) Best suited temperature for bajra cultivation is between 20 oC to 30 oC classified into main... Sound research support for developing proprietary hybrid products flower emerges Fig in Kharif season crop.

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